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They forced the Taíno into an encomienda system of forced labor and used them for laborers.Together with the harsh working conditions, the Taíno suffered epidemics of infectious disease, to which they had no natural immunity.Between the 7th and 11th centuries, the Taíno culture developed on the island; by approximately 1000 AD, it had become dominant.
These parliamentary and constitutional reforms were in force from 1810 to 1814, and again from 1820 to 1823.They called it Boriken, meaning "the great land of the valiant and noble Lord." The natives lived in small villages, each led by a cacique.They subsisted by hunting and fishing, done generally by men, as well as by the women's gathering and processing of indigenous cassava root and fruit. Columbus named the island San Juan Bautista, in honor of the Catholic saint, John the Baptist.Spain held Puerto Rico for over 400 years, despite attempts at capture of the island by the French, Dutch, and British. In 1952, under request by the United States, a local territorial constitution was adopted and ratified by the electorate. The ancient history of the archipelago known today as Puerto Rico is not well known.In 1898, Spain ceded the archipelago to the United States as a result of its defeat in the Spanish–American War under the terms of the Treaty of Paris. Under the tenets of the Puerto Rico Federal Relations Act, residents of the island are still subject to the plenary jurisdiction of the U. Unlike other larger, more advanced indigenous communities in the New World (Aztec and Inca) whose people left behind abundant archeological and physical evidence of their societies, the indigenous population of Puerto Rico left scant artifacts and evidence.